All posts in CY Columns


October 8, International Galleon Day

Try to imagine a heavily-sailed wooden ship, four decks high, carrying 100 cannons, and weighing 250 tons when fully loaded. That describes the “floating castles” that carried one-third of the silver produced in America to Manila, in the Philippine Islands, where it was exchanged for rich goods coming from as far away as India. These goods included silks and spices, gems, porcelain, inlaid chests and furniture, ivory items and painted screens.

The galleon trade route constituted the longest voyage ever made without landfall, the longest commercial route in history, and the commercial route used for the longest time. A galleon on this route was often referred to as the “Nao de China,” owing to the origin of many of the products it carried. These exotic items could be re-sold for 3 times their value.

The profits were great, but so was the danger. Particularly dangerous was the return route to America. The northern Pacific was so far uncharted, and five failed attempts to sail back to America had already been made. King Phillip II was interested both in evangelizing the Philippines and establishing a trade route which would avoid conflict with the Portuguese, who had already achieved a highly remunerative spice trade by their presence in the Moluccas

Continue Reading...

Suma y resta de energía

Una simple pregunta que debe hacerse en el camino a la felicidad es: "¿Lo qué estoy haciendo me suma o me resta energía?" Al principio, esto puede parecer


Applying the Cosmovision of Nahuatl to the Problem of Textile Waste

Throw-away clothing used to refer to special biodegradable garments. Not these days. I was just listening to a radio program highlighting the toxic effects of throw-away clothing, referring


Ode to Lanny Poffo

Leaping Lanny you’re quite a guy You wrestle and write poetry My oh my It’s not the typical combination we see But you decided to let your mind be free You entertained us,



It is nice to be able to buy nice things. And in today’s society, it seems there is plenty to buy – far beyond the essentials of living.


Gumdrop or Guiso?

What is considered tasty in one culture may be regarded as disgusting in another. Further, perceptions differ regarding what is nourishing or toxic--or what is a vegetable, what


Not This Time

Not this time. I was going to write a regular column today. I had chosen the topic. I was going to focus on how you can improve your


Birthday Cake, a Poem

Life isn’t all Birthday Cake Not even close Too many of us learn this too late But better late than never, I suppose Champagne might be great And sure, you could get drunk Maybe


La proporción entre el riesgo y la recompensa

En cualquier iniciativa, especialmente en los negocios siempre es bueno considerar la proporción que existe entre el riesgo y la recompensa. Algunas veces, quizá percibimos que lo que

Linq Promenade, Linq Promenade 2016

Risk Reward Ratio

In any endeavor, but particularly in business, it is always good to consider the risk reward ratio. What is this you ask? In very general terms, it can

Powered by WordPress | Deadline Theme : An Awesem design by Orman